Types of Counseling

Counseling is a type of mental health care that helps clients deal with various issues. Spring Lake Counseling can also be used to assist people in adjusting to life changes and to help them develop management strategies.

CounselingThe first session allows the client to share their situation and personal history. The counselor will listen carefully to understand the problem and its reasons.


A form of psychotherapy, psychodynamic therapy helps you gain insight into yourself, supporting you in developing a nuanced understanding of how your past experiences have shaped your current emotions and relationships. Unlike cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), which looks at managing the symptoms you are experiencing, psychodynamic counselling explores unconscious processes that affect your behaviour and provides guidance to resolve them.

During sessions, you and your therapist will examine the full range of your feelings, including contradictory ones that initially make little sense. You will also work on identifying and overcoming self-defeating patterns, such as ending relationships before they get too intimate or sabotaging yourself at work due to fears of failure. These self-defeating patterns can often be rooted in childhood traumas that you may not even be aware of.

The therapist will use techniques such as free association, dream analysis, and “projective” techniques like Rorschach or ink blot tests, to help you uncover your unconscious thoughts and feelings. These techniques are intended to bring your id and superego into balance. When your id becomes overwhelmed, it leads to neuroses like depression, and when the superego overreacts, it can lead to psychoses such as schizophrenia.

Insight is a key concept of psychodynamic counseling, and it can come in the form of sudden awareness or a gradual process of self-knowledge. For example, if you realize that you’ve been drinking to escape painful memories or to feel more alive, you can learn how to change your relationship with alcohol. Insight can also be found in your interactions with the therapist and other people in your life, such as when you notice that your relationship with your boss mirrors your relationship with your father.

Like other types of psychotherapy, psychodynamic therapy takes time to produce results. The length of treatment depends on the extent to which your therapist can help you become more self-aware and how deep-seated the issues are. Some people need to be in psychodynamic therapy for a longer period of time than others, and some experience benefits at different times throughout the process.


Humanistic counseling uses a positive approach to therapy and emphasizes the individual’s intrinsic worth. This style of counseling allows the client to discover her own personal freedom and strengths, as well as explore a spirituality that is meaningful to her. In addition, it encourages the client to take responsibility for her own actions and behaviors. This type of therapy is often used to treat addiction, but it can also address other issues that are affecting the client’s life.

A humanistic counselor uses a client-centered approach to therapy that encourages the client to share her feelings and problems without fear of judgement or criticism. The therapist listens to the client and asks questions to ensure she understands her point of view. She may even repeat what she has heard to help the client feel confident that she is being understood. Humanistic counseling can help a person develop a sense of self-worth and overcome feelings of shame or low self-esteem.

The humanistic philosophy believes that each person has a natural desire to fulfill her potential and become fully self-actualized. However, an individual’s ability to achieve this goal is based on the choices she makes and her internal motivations. A humanistic therapist will encourage the client to seek fulfillment through her own personal pursuits, such as creative projects, relationships with others, and spiritual growth.

In contrast to the medical model that assumes behavioral and emotional problems are symptoms of a physical illness, humanistic therapy believes that people can change their lives by changing their beliefs and attitudes. A humanistic therapist will work with the client to identify her negative beliefs and values and develop new ones that are more supportive of her health.

While some research into humanistic therapy relies on quantitative investigations (such as polls, surveys, and questionnaires that are analyzed numerically), most of it focuses on qualitative understanding. It emphasizes narrative descriptions of experience and rejects the idea of illusory objectivity that is presumed by many rational empirical methods.

If you are interested in humanistic therapy, browse online therapists on Talkspace for qualified providers who can help. However, humanistic therapists do not typically focus on diagnosis or treatment of specific illnesses and may not be the right choice for those who have more urgent needs.


Behavioral counseling is a type of therapy that seeks to eliminate unwanted behaviors and reinforce desirable ones. It is based on the concept of behaviorism and assumes that human behavior is learned and can be changed. This type of therapy has been shown to be effective in treating many mental health disorders, including addictions, phobias, and anxiety. Several different types of behavioral therapy have been developed, but cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has proven to be the most effective.

CBT utilizes both behavioral and cognitive techniques in order to help people change negative thought patterns. This helps them to overcome irrational fears and retrain their responses to stressful situations. It also teaches them to identify the specific situations that trigger these negative reactions and how to deal with them effectively. Other forms of behavioral therapy include exposure therapy, which aims to help people get over their fears by exposing them to the things that scare them while practicing relaxation techniques. Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) is another form of CBT that focuses on teaching people how to deal with distressing emotions and improve their relationships.

Unlike psychoanalytic and humanistic therapists, who try to understand the origin of a client’s behavior, behavioral therapists simply assume that problematic behaviors are a result of conditioned responses, and aim to correct them through new learning. A counselor who uses a behavioral approach may use techniques like reinforcement, extinction, and stimulus control. For example, a counselor might implement a token economy in their home and reward desired behavior with small prizes. This can be especially helpful for children who struggle with disciplinary issues.

There are many benefits to choosing a counselor who is knowledgeable about the various types of behavioral therapy. By understanding the differences between these types of therapies, you can choose the right one for your needs. If you are interested in pursuing a career as a counselor, learn more about how to prepare for licensure at Pepperdine’s online MA in Clinical Psychology. This program is top-ranked for return on investment and provides students with the skills they need to treat a variety of disorders.


SFBT is an approach that focuses on solutions rather than problems. It helps clients set goals and work out how to achieve them. It also emphasizes the importance of change and promotes positive emotions in a session. The goal of solution-focused counseling is to help clients get past the limiting beliefs they have about themselves. Unlike other therapy models, this type of counseling doesn’t require a deep dive into your childhood or past experiences. Instead, it focuses on the present and future, and encourages you to focus on your strengths and resources.

The therapist will ask questions about what you want to change in your life and how you can do that. They may use scaling or exceptions to help you define your goals and create manageable steps to reach them. They may also use miracle questioning, which asks you to describe a future where your concerns are resolved. This technique is often used in conjunction with goal-setting techniques. It can help you develop new coping skills and feel more confident about your future.

Many people are confused about what solution-focused therapy is and how it can be used. There is a common myth that this model is superficial and designed to get people in-and-out of therapy quickly. However, this wasn’t the intent of its creators Steve De Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg. They created the model to help clients find a solution and alleviate symptoms as quickly as possible.

There are two key components of solution-focused therapy: the mindset and the tools. It is important to learn the mindset first, because if you don’t have it, you won’t be able to utilize the tools correctly. The tools are Scaling Questions, Exceptions, and Miracle Questions, but they only work when you are in the mindset of solution-focused therapy.

Many people who struggle with mental health issues and chronic pain benefit from this form of treatment. It is an alternative to traditional therapies and can be used for individuals, couples, and families. It is also available online, which is a great option for people who want to save money and time. However, it’s crucial to choose a qualified therapist who is experienced in the treatment. Outcome research has shown that SFBT is effective for treating a range of conditions, including anxiety and depression.

Donald Allen